By David Hotle, The JOURNAL
On the morning of Dec. 7, 1941, at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian time, the United States Naval Base located at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, was attacked by the Imperial Japanese Naval Air Service. The surprise attack came as a shock to the American people and led directly to U.S. involvement in World War II.
The base was attacked by 353 Imperial Japanese aircraft in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers. All eight U.S. Navy battleships harbored at the base were damaged, with four sunk. All but the USS Arizona were later raised, and six were returned to service and went on to fight in the war. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer. One hundred eighty-eight U.S. aircraft were destroyed; 2,403 Americans were killed and 1,178 others were wounded. Important base installations such as the power station, dry dock, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section), were not attacked. Japanese losses were light: 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 64 servicemen killed. One Japanese sailor, Kazuo Sakamaki, was captured. Over the next seven hours there were coordinated Japanese attacks on the U.S.-held Philippines, Guam and Wake Island and on the British Empire in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong. The attacks took place before any formal declaration of war. The following day, the U.S. declared war on Japan.
National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, also referred to as Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day or Pearl Harbor Day, is observed annually in the United States on December 7, to remember and honor the citizens of the United States who were killed in the attack.
On August 23, 1994, the United States Congress designated December 7 of each year as National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. On Pearl Harbor Day, the American flag should be flown at half-staff until sunset to honor those who died as a result of the attack on U.S. Military and naval forces in Hawaii.
Pearl Harbor Day is not a federal holiday ? government offices, schools, and businesses do not close.
When Cheyenne (Cuddeback) Miller took the podium during the Veterans Day observance at Blair House, she recognized several local veterans and the part that Pearl Harbor played. She said local veteran Bob Flynn was at Pearl when it was attacked. Veteran George Rhode was at Fort Leonard Wood, MO., when it was attacked and was given a rifle and assigned to watch the sky for enemy planes.